The Ethiopian Communications Authority (ECA) is the regulatory authority for Communications Services in Ethiopia. Its scope of regulation covers both Telecommunications Services and Postal Services within Ethiopia.
The ECA was established by the Communications Services Proclamation No. 1148/2019 as an independent Federal Government Authority, with a commitment to facilitate the restructuring, the development and the integration of the Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (ICT), Electronic Commerce as well as Postal and Courier services to form a well-regulated, operated and efficient Communications Services sector.
ECA’s establishment was realized under the leadership of H.E. Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed’s Telecommunications Sector policy reform. The ECA will serve as the main vehicle for the transformation of the Ethiopia’s Communications Services sector into an intelligent sector with the necessary and sufficient socio-economic infrastructure to accelerate and sustain growth and development of Ethiopia’s economy.
The Authority is governed by a Board of Management, referred to as “the Board” and comprises seven (7) members. The Director General, appointed by the Prime Minster, is the chief executive officer of the Authority, managing ECA affairs on a daily basis.
The responsibilities of the ECA entails but are not limited to:
- Issuing licenses in the communications services sector, including telecommunications, postal, and courier services, and supervise operators of communications service;
- Specifying technical standards for the provision of communications service;
- Regulating tariffs relating to communications service;
- Regulating types of telecommunication equipment that may be connected to a telecommunication network;
- Managing the use of Radio Frequency spectrum in Ethiopia;
- Safeguarding the interest of consumers of communications service;
- Promoting information security, data privacy and protection;
- Monitoring the activities of licensees to ensure that communications services confirm to the specified standards of quality, and enforce compliance with the license terms and conditions as well as regulatory laws, regulations and directives
The objectives of the Authority are to promote the development of high quality, efficient, reliable and affordable communications services throughout the nation, to promote a competitive market for the achievement of these goals, and to promote accessibility and interests of consumers.